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General Contractingand Maintenance

Health and Safety Policy

All employees shall follow the following procedure continually on the site. The initial responsibility will lie with the actual worker himself and then up through his foreman/site supervisor to the safety officer who has the authority to take appropriate actions in liaison with the Project Manager if the conditions are breached.

General Safety Rules

  • Wear Personal Protective Equipment.
  • Smoking is strictly prohibited at places where “No Smoking” signs are displayed.
  • The Work place is to be kept neat and tidy, all Rubbish and debris to be removed by the end of the day.
  • Correct Tools should be used for appropriate job.
  • Only well manintained and good condition tools to be used, Make shift arrangement are not permitted.
  • Be alert while working.
  • No horse plays at the work site.
  • Consumption of food, alcohol and other items during work at site is prohibited.
  • Sleeping is strictly prohibited during working hours.
  • Do not tamper of misuse the fire fighting equipment.
  • Do not tamper with Electrical connections.
  • Do not obstruct the approach to the fire fighting equipments.

Personal Protective Equipment

Helmets and safety shoes must be worn at all times. When working above 2 meter height adjacent to the edge, protection shallbe undertaken by the operatives by putting safety belt and securely anchoring it back to the structure. Safety officer shallensure that safety belt is used by operatives when working on the edge of building.

Any additional protective equipment if required, then it will be provided to the operatives.

Use of personal protective equipment :

  • Safety Helmet: Head protection,use at all times when on duty.
  • SafetyShoes: Footprotection, use at all times when on duty.
  • CoverAll: Body protection, use at all times when on duty.
  • Safety Belt:Fall protection,use when working at height above 2meters. Secure the belt to stable structure.
  • Gloves: Hand protection, use when handling materials.
  • Face Shield: Face protection, use while performing welding works.
  • Safety Goggle: Eye protection, use while performing grinding.
  • DuskMask: Dustprotection, use whenever you face dusty condition of work.

Handling of Materials

Materials shall be stored in a designated area with appropriate identification and where necessary barricade them. When materials are stacked on top of each other, make sure that they are properly stacked and that while removing, remove from the top of the stacks. If crane is used, it is important to see that the crane has enough capacity to lift the materials. Where rope belt is used that there are no cuts on the belt. Only one man should control the operations by giving signals to the operator of the crane. Where manual lifting is required, no load of more than 50 kg should be given per man.
Take necessary appropriate action in co-ordination with other Managers.

Safe Access & Egress

As most accidents are caused due to falls, it is most important, therefore, that proper access from place is created and kept safe.

Site Supervisor/Site Foreman should see that :

  • Safe access is provided to everyone to reach the allotted workplace. This may include good gangways and runs, hoists, staircases and scaffolding.
  • All walkways are level (as far as reasonably practicably) and free from obstruction.
  • Edge protection is provided or other preventive measures applied, in cases where persons or materials can fall from an open site.
  • The site is tidy and materials stored in safe place.
  • There are proper arrangements for gathering or disposal of waste.
  • All projecting nails in timber (if any) are hammered down flat or removed completely.

Scaffolding

Make sure that the following points are noted while erecting :

  • Scaffold material to be used is in good condition.
  • Joints between tubes are staggered vertically and horizontally.
  • Scaffold is adequately tied to the structure.
  • Working platforms are fully boarded and complete with guard rails and toe boards.
  • Fittings are correctly tightened.

Inspection of the scaffolding whether it belongs to main contractor shall be carried out at least once a week and after bad weather.

The site supervisor/foreman is responsible for nominating himself of competent person to carry out such inspections and having done so to record the results in Safety Inspection Checklist. Inspection shall be carried out in accordance with the criteria set in the format.

When working on scaffolds follow the following:

  • Do not remove or interfere with the scaffolding in any way –especially ties, guard rails and toe boards.
  • Safety belt is compulsory.
  • See that materials are properly stacked in such a way as to avoid knocking off the platform. Use suitable protection if necessary.
  • Before loading materials check safe load capacity of the working platform.
  • Do not leave tools or materials lying on the working platforms. Never throw or drop materials from heights.
  • Don’t move mobile scaffolding while working on it,
  • Lock the wheels of mobile scaffolding while working.
  • Report to your supervisor / foreman any scaffolding which appears defective.

Electrical Safety

All cables and tools must be checked by site supervisor/foreman before issuance for damages to tool itself or loose connections and damaged wires. If there is defect these must be replaced or repaired before being issued. This includes whether the cable has complete insulation around, and all the way to the plug and to tool itself.

  • All connections to socket outlets or wire to wire must be made by proper electrical plugs –not by bare end cables.
  • Never allow electrical cables to run through water.
  • Do not use electrical equipments in areas where flammable vapors or gases may be present.
  • Store all equipments in store if not in use.
  • Before connecting the equipment to power, check the current voltage and the equipment voltage capacity.
  • No power boxes/junction should be touched unless you are qualified technician.
  • Do not lift tool by the cable.

Hot Work

During welding, grinding and cutting take utmost precaution to prevent any fire incident. Proper grounding and earthing of equipment shall be made.
Ensure the proper protective equipment is used during process.

Fire Caution

All personnel should be aware of the precautions to prevent a fire and the action to be taken if fire does break out.

  • Know where the fire fighting equipment are kept and the correct type of extinguisher for specific type of fire.
  • If fire breaks out inform site supervisor/foreman immediately about the nature of the fire, exact location and properties involved.
  • Stop all running equipments.
  • In case of major fire, evacuate all personnel from the site to a safe location.
  • Call fire brigade and ambulance.
  • Clear all approach pathways for the easy access to the fire brigade personnel and their vehicle and equipments.

Emergency Plan

Emergency Plan :
Before work begins in job site, Project Manager /Sit Supervisor shall make provisions for prompt medical attention in case someone becomes ill or seriously injured. An effective jobsite emergency plan should include the following :

Emergency telephone numbers:

  • Ambulance.
  • Nearest Hospital.
  • Fire Brigade.
  • Police.
  • Project Manager.
  • Safety Officer.
  • Maintenance Manager.
  • Personnel Manager.

Approve first aid kits that are readily available and re stocked regularly.
A pre determined reporting so that all employees can be accounted for if there is a serious emergency.

In case of minor injuries :
Report the incident to your supervisor, if the injury is minor, first aid treatment to be given to the injured person.
Refer to the hospital if necessary.

In case of major or serious or fatal accident :

  • Report the incident to your supervisor.
  • Stop the activity at the accident place.
  • Try to evaluate the victim’s condition while another person calls for medical assistance.
  • If the victim is conscious ask permission before providing first aid.
  • To prevent further injury, don’t move the victim unless there is further danger in the immediate area.
  • Provide first aid assistance if possible.
  • Do not endanger the victim.
  • Call immediately medical assistance and ambulance.
  • Cordon off the accident place.
  • Do not disturb the evidences at the accident place.
  • Provide assistance during accident investigation.

Reporting Accidents :
Any accident, whether minor or major shall be reported immediately to the Project Manager, Safety Officer and Personnel Manager ( for necessary legal actions.
Within 24 hours the site supervisor/foreman shall prepare the accident report giving cause of accident. Project Manager shall authorize this report after identifying necessary corrective and preventive measures so as to avoid such incidents in the future.
Copy of this report shall be issued to the Personnel Manager within 24 hours of accident for further legal actions.

Site Safety Inspection

The Site Supervisor/Foreman shall ensure on daily basis that the operatives are wearing helmets, shoes and coverall compulsorily. Other protective equipment shall be used as necessary.

If any operative is not following then the site supervisor/foreman shall report this on the daily time sheet. The safety officer shall take necessary appropriate action in coordination with other concerned Managers.

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